Present edition: 1st part: 26 September 2016 – 9 June 2017 / 2nd part: September 2017 – June 2018 ··
Next edition: 1st part: September 2018 – June 2019 / 2nd part: September 2019 – June 2020
Interest of this Master
Plant breeding plays a key role in increasing crop yield and quality, by developing varieties that are adapted to the different environmental conditions, make better use of inputs and are integrated in environmentally and economically viable agricultural systems. This discipline has evolved to a complex science, integrating tools of different specialities to be able to meet the challenges of a modern and sustainable agriculture.
This Master programme is designed to train professionals in the field of plant breeding by integrating the tools of cell biology, molecular biology, genomics, biotechnology and bioinformatics into classical selection methods. The specialization profile of this degree enables students to undertake technical responsibilities in this domain as well as to perform high-level scientific research.
This Master learning objectives are to provide:
- The basics and principles of modern plant breeding, including molecular, genomic and biotechnological techniques.
- Knowledge of the classical selection and breeding methods and criteria to assess their advantages and disadvantages considering the crop species, the breeding objectives, the environmental conditions and the socioeconomic context.
- Skills necessary to integrate in a breeding programme the conventional and the most up-to-date techniques that contribute towards greater efficacy in the selection processes and in the development of new varieties.
- Competence to design breeding programmes for a specific crop species according to the particular conditions of a country or region following specific objectives.
- Experience in planning and carrying out a work of initiation to research in plant breeding whose results may be potentially publishable, working under the supervision of a tutor but in a manner that must be largely autonomous.
- Mastering of the scientific and technical information underpinning the research conducted, command of the techniques and methodologies relevant to such research, and capacity to objectively evaluate the significance of its results and conclusions.
- Skills to communicate the reasoning and conclusions of tutored works carried out in a group o autonomously, to prepare informative and synthetic documents, and to prepare and present oral communications to be delivered and defended before an audience.
- Aptitudes and attitudes for multidisciplinary and intercultural teamwork.
The working activity of this Master graduates focuses on plant and seed companies, plant biotechnology enterprises, public agencies for seed quality control and variety certification, on research and education.
Information on the students
The students of this Master proceed mainly from CIHEAM member countries (Albania, Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey), although they may come from other parts of the world, in particular, Europe and Latin America.
In the last 10 editions of the Master, 216 students from 32 countries have participated:
- Mediterranean countries, members of CIHEAM: Albania, Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey
- Other Mediterranean countries: Palestine, Syria
- Latin American countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
- Other countries: Ghana, Mozambique, Senegal, Uganda, United Statates
Characteristics and organization
This Master is an official Master of the Spanish university system within the framework of the European Space for Higher Education. This Master has a clear international character and it has been on offer since 1982, its contents being updated and revised for each new edition.
Duration, mode and study regime
The Master has a duration of two years (120 ECTS) and is delivered on a face-to-face mode, full time basis. The Master begins every second year, so candidates may only register every two years.
The credit system follows the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS), where one credit equals 25 workload hours (including lectures, practical work, tutorials, preparing and sitting examinations, and personal and group work). The total workload hours per academic year is 1500.
In order to access the second part of the Master, it is necessary to have passed the first one and submit the required protocols for the tutored training activities constituting the second part (Practicum and Master’s final work) duly endorsed by the tutors. The period between registration to the first part of the Master and the Master of Science awarding date may not exceed four years. In exceptional, and duly justified cases, special exemptions may be granted.
Scientific direction and academic co-ordination
The Master scientific direction is performed by Ignacio Romagosa (Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Zaragoza and University of Lleida, Spain).
The Master programme avails of a technical coordinator (Ramzi Belkhodja) belonging to the IAMZ staff, who is in charge of supervising all those aspects related to the Master development and daily follow-up of the programme. The coordinator deals with the students’ suggestions and claims, acting as liaison between them, the scientific directors, the lecturers, the IAMZ administration and the UdL/IAMZ-CIHEAM Studies Commission of the Master.
Lecturers are assigned a time devoted to tutorials and clarification of doubts during their lecturing period. In the case of guest lecturers, IAMZ facilitates anytime the contact between them and the students throughout the programme, even when they are no longer present physically.
To accomplish the project on the design of a plant breeding programme, students are assigned tutors who supervise the development of the work, and advise them in the search for information and in the choice of methodology to be applied to the proposed programme.
Students, if they request so, are assessed by the scientific director of the Master, the technical co-ordinator and the UdL/IAMZ-CIHEAM Studies Commission of the Master on the election of the Practicum and the research work to be carried out during the second part of the Master, as well as on the election of the Practicum tutor, the research project director and the most adequate institutions for these activities. The Master’s organizing institutions also propose topics related to their research activities or other topics of interest previously arranged with a collaborating institution.
While carrying out the Practicum and the research work, each student has the guidance and advice of the Practicum tutor and the research project director, who must be a doctor of acknowledged prestige in the topic chosen.
Competences of this Degree
- GC1 Integrating scientific and technical knowledge and applying them discerningly.
- GC2 Performing scientific and/or technical information searches and processing them selectively.
- GC3 Analyzing results or strategies and elaborating conclusions which contribute to clarify the problems and to find possible solutions.
- GC4 Making decisions and generating new ideas and knowledge in complex systems.
- GC5 Learning and working autonomously, responding to unforeseen situations and re-aiming a strategy if necessary.
- GC6 Team-working and promoting exchange and collaboration attitudes with other students, researchers and professionals.
- GC7 Communicating reasoning and conclusions both to a general audience and to a specialized public.
- GC8 Writing presentations and synthesis, preparing and presenting oral communications, and defending them in public.
- SC1 Mastering the basics and principles of modern plant breeding, including new quantitative and molecular tools like genomics and, in general, the knowledge and application of '-omics' technologies.
- SC2 Identifying and assessing phenotypic and genetic variability and determining the components of variation.
- SC3 Assessing the importance of genetic resources as variability sources in breeding programmes, and commanding the appropriate processes for their collection, conservation, evaluation and use.
- SC4 Understanding and using quantitative tools to solve biological, mathematical and statistical problems.
- SC5 Designing, planning and analyzing statistical and agricultural experiments with methodological thoroughness, assuming the limitations of the experimental approach.
- SC6 Distinguishing and assessing the molecular marker types most used in genetic studies, and making and comparing genetic maps, as well as detecting QTLs.
- SC7 Assessing the relevant methods and techniques that contribute to greater efficiency in the processes of selection and development of new varieties, particularly molecular techniques aimed at the development of marker-assisted selection programmes.
- SC8 Assessing the advantages and drawbacks of using different strategies and methodologies for improving tolerance/resistance to stress conditions from the perspective of improving the productivity, safety and quality of crops, ensuring the sustainability of agricultural systems.
- SC9 Integrating the knowledge of plant physiology, biochemistry and pathology in a plant breeding programme.
- SC10 Planning, developing and assessing specific programmes for breeding in different situations and environments, considering the available materials, the objectives set and the agronomic, environmental and socioeconomic constraints.
- SC11 Having a good command of the national and international legislation concerning the registration of new varieties and the protection of the intellectual property rights and, in particular, breeder's rights and patents.
- SC12 Assessing and comparing the processes of obtaining certified seeds and plants, and seed processing. Knowing the functioning of the seed marketing sector, as the final part of the breeding process.
- SC13 Assuming the responsibility of planning and carrying out, under the supervision of a tutor, but in a manner that must be largely autonomous, a work of initiation to research in the field of plant genetics and breeding.
- TC IAMZ-CIHEAM Engaging in a multidisciplinary and multicultural environment.
- TC1UdL Achieving correction both in oral and written communication.
- TC2UdL Mastering a foreign language.
- TC3UdL Mastering information and communication technologies.
- TC4UdL Respecting the fundamental rights of equality between men and women, the promotion of Human Rights and the values of a culture of peace and democratic principles.
The programme of the Master is structured in two parts. The first part (60 ECTS) is professionally oriented and comprises lectures, practicals, personal and group work and study, and technical visits. This part is delivered by UdL lecturers and guest lecturers of acknowledged experience from international institutions and universities, research centres and companies from different countries. The second part (60 ECTS) focuses on initiation to research, applying discerningly the knowledge, skills and competences acquired in the first part of the Master to the tackling of real issues related to plant breeding. This part of the Master is carried out at UdL or other prestigious universities, research centres or companies, generally in Spain or the student’s country of origin, under the supervision of a Practicum tutor and a research project director, who must be a PhD with experience and reputation in the research topic.
To see each Unit programme in detail, please refer to the section Syllabus and Study guide.
First part of the programme
Unit 1. Introduction to plant breeding and genetics (5 ECTS)
The unit is divided in two parts: Objectives, principles and processes in plant breeding and Plant genetics and variability. In the first part of the unit, the evolution of plant breeding is reviewed from a historical perspective. Then the objectives, processes and determining factors of plant breeding are explored, including time, heritability and the nature of the final product. Examples of public and private modern plant breeding programmes are introduced, considering their socioeconomic, agronomic and environmental context. In the second part of the unit, the principles of plant genetics and molecular biology are dealt with. The final part of the unit is devoted to the study of the safeguarding and use of plant genetic resources, through the study of material collections, their conservation, multiplication and documentation, as well as of database management and sample exchanges.
Unit 2. Experimental design and analysis for plant breeding (6 ECTS)
The first part of this unit deals with the design and analysis of individual experiments, while the second part is related with multienvironmental trials. After reviewing the main statistical concepts necessary for the understanding of Genotype x Environment interaction (GxE) and phenotype adaptation, the statistical principles, objectives and methods for such an analysis are introduced. Tutorials and practicals on statistical assessment of GxE interaction and adaptation are carried out to illustrate the theory, as well as a work in groups. To complement this, the issues of how to manage a set of data and how to characterize the environment are explained. Genstat Discovery software is used as a computer tool which offers open access to professionals in developing countries and to all types of university learning.
Unit 3. Population and quantitative genetics (6 ECTS)
The first part of the unit includes an introduction to population genetics, analyzing the genetic constitution of a population, the changes in allele and genotype frequencies, the population structure, the genetic distance between populations and the linkage disequilibrium. The second part of the unit is devoted to the understanding of continuous variation of phenotype trait expression, the analysis of the components of phenotypic and genotypic variance and the different models for assessing genotypic values. The third part of the unit analyses the response to selection, its estimation and improvement. Simple selection methods, indirect selection, multitrait selection and selection indexes are reviewed. Practical exercises focus on the concepts and applications of these types of analysis to applied breeding programmes.
Unit 4. Molecular markers and QTL mapping (5 ECTS)
The unit deals with different types of molecular markers and their applications. Then, their use in the estimation of genetic diversity and distances is studied, as well as linkage map creation. Another part of the unit is devoted to QTL (Quantitative Trait Loci) detection and QTL validation. Finally the principles of marker-assisted selection are introduced. In the laboratory practicals, students acquire experience in DNA extraction and in marker analysis methodology. Practicals are also carried out on building genetic maps and using QTL mapping in the analysis of complex quantitative traits through the use of specific software programs.
Unit 5. Gene, genomics and GM technologies (6 ECTS)
The unit reviews different genomic technologies, showing how these tools influence plant breeding strategies and provide new alternatives in the selection of complex traits. First an introduction to the use of bioinformatics and database management is provided. A second part of the unit is devoted to genome sequencing and resequencing, as well as to comparative genomics. Through practical exercises, the students acquire experience in accessing different gene databases, comparing them and finding useful information, as well as providing hands-on experience in comparative map displays. Mutagenesis and TILLING are special tools used to generate and detect new allele forms for basic research and applied plant breeding. Finally, the unit analyses the different stages of plant transformation processes, reviewing the control of gene expression and the molecular analysis of regenerated plants. The breeding interest of transgenic organisms and the modified traits are assessed. Special attention is paid to risk assessment, legislation and social implications of utilizing transgenic plants.
Unit 6. Variety development and deployment (7 ECTS)
This unit describes and analyzes different methods for the obtention of pure lines, populations, hybrids, synthetic varieties and clones, assessing their advantages and constraints in relation with the general and specific objectives of the breeding programme. Marker-assisted breeding is being introduced in all programmes as a direct application of the use of molecular markers to select for particular traits or genotypes by means of assisted back-crossing, gene pyramiding, marker assisted recurrent selection, genomic prediction and selection, and hybrid prediction in particular. Finally, the unit deals with commercial seed and plant production as the ultimate purpose of agricultural breeding programmes, considering from the release of new varieties to seed marketing, exploring property rights issues, registration procedures, production processes and seed quality control and legal aspects of plant breeding.
Unit 7. Other breeding technologies (4 ECTS)
The unit focuses on several special methods and techniques used in plant breeding programmes such as massive phenotyping tools, data management, germplasm management, strategies for fast-track material development, in vitro techniques and wide crosses. Not only are methods and techniques described, but also the advantages of their inclusion in traditional breeding programmes are highlighted. Case studies are conducted and laboratory practicals on in vitro techniques and in-field phenotyping are carried out.
Unit 8. Trait breeding (7 ECTS)
The first part of the unit is devoted to abiotic stress, in particular to breeding for cereal resistance/tolerance to drought and heat tolerance. As a previous stage to their handling, the physiological bases for determining development, growth and yield are studied, in order to enhance indirect selection for improving yield under stress. Resistance and/or tolerance mechanisms, adaptive traits and selection methods used are studied. Field and laboratory practicals are carried out for measuring different physiological parameters (chlorophyll fluorescence, pigments) to detect if plants are under stress conditions (drought, salinity, iron deficiency, etc.). The second part of the unit deals with tolerance and resistance to biotic stress. Pest biology and the nature, sources and manipulation of resistance are tackled, as well as the factors influencing its expression. The aspects of breeding that are specific to pest resistance and the importance of the use of resistant plants as part of sustainable integrated pest management programmes are highlighted. This second part also deals with breeding for resistance to fungi, bacteria, virus and nematodes. Plant/pathogen interaction and the different resistance mechanisms are reviewed, paying special attention to their assessment and the selection methods to obtain resistant cultivars. The third part of the unit covers crop quality components, as well as the factors influencing it. The approaches to improve crop quality are reviewed considering conventional breeding and other methodologies that can increase the efficiency of breeding processes.
Unit 9. Review of applied breeding programmes (7 ECTS)
The unit studies different autogamous, allogamous and vegetatively propagated species, their reproductive characteristics, the sources of variation and the breeding objectives and methodology, reviewing current breeding programmes where traditional breeding is combined with the use of biotechnology tools. Practical laboratory and field work is carried out and technical visits are organized for viewing the different crops. Finally, the unit deals with the future prospects of plant breeding. The crops studied are alternated in the different editions of this Master.
Unit 10. Design of a plant breeding programme (7 ECTS)
Throughout the first part of the Master, students carry out an individual project of a breeding programme, on a plant species of their choice applied to specific environmental and socio-economic conditions, normally those of their country of origin. This project allows students to: (i) apply the principles and methodology presented during the course; (ii) gain experience in finding technical and scientific information, as well as in the selective treatment of such information; (iii) make a critical assessment of different breeding alternatives; (iv) learn how to define and integrate the different components of a breeding programme; and (v) acquire experience in the preparation and presentation of oral communications and their public defence.
Second part of the programme
Unit 11. Introduction to research (30 ECTS)
This Unit is divided into two subjects. The first one, "Basic tools for the elaboration of scientific and technical documents and publications" (6 ECTS) provides skills in writing, composition and review of technical and scientific texts, and for the establishment and use of bibliographic reference databases. The second subject "Practicum on Plant Breeding" provides the background knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the planning and realization of research or professional projects in a given topic within the Master speciality. The Practicum topic is chosen according to the educational and professional interest of the student, and can take place in various universities, research centres and companies collaborating in this part of the programme. It is a practical professional stage in which the student, under the supervision of a tutor, works and learns autonomously and benefits from being included in a working team. Training focuses on understanding the scientific-technical objectives of the research or work carried out by the host team on the topic chosen for the Practicum, on the handling of the instrumentation and equipment used by such team, on the identification of sources of knowledge relevant to the topic and on the effective planning of work.
Unit 12. Master’s final work (Master Thesis) (30 ECTS)
Represents the application of the training received to the production of an original research project on a specific topic, within the scope in which the student has performed the Unit "Introduction to research", and whose results are potentially publishable. The student is provided with training and supervision to master the application of techniques and methods selected for the research and for becoming able to objectively assess the significance of the results and conclusions obtained. Likewise, the student is endowed with the necessary training in order to produce a written document on the project carried out, and submit and orally defend the research results before a jury.
First part of the Master (first academic year)
It usually starts at the beginning of October and finishes at the beginning of June. This part takes place during morning and afternoon, with two periods of vacation: Christmas (3 weeks) and Easter (2 weeks). The exact dates are determined each year according to the annual planning of the academic year and are announced in advance.
Unit 1 and Units 3 to 9 are developed sequentially, in a unique semester, except for Unit 6, which is started in the last part of the first semester and extends to the beginning of the second one. Unit 2 is presented divided into two periods, at the beginning and at the end of the first semester, respectively. Unit 10, "Design of a breeding programme", entails the application of the training received in the different subjects of the first academic year, so it takes place over the two semesters. To see the specific timetable for each Unit, please refer to the section Syllabus and Study guide.
Second part of the Master (second academic year)
The subject "Basic tools for the development of scientific and technical documents and publications" takes place in two weeks at the end of the first part of the Master. The Practicum on Plant Breeding and the Master’s final work (Master Thesis) are developed during the third and fourth semesters, amounting in total a maximum duration of 10 months. The Practicum usually begins in early September, although, depending on the Protocol established or the convenience of the tutor and the host institution, the starting date may be delayed or slightly brought forward, prior acceptance of the UdL/IAMZ-CIHEAM Studies Commission of the Master. Since this part of the programme [Practicum and Master’s final work (Master Thesis)] occurs in the collaborating institutions (universities, research centres or companies), the working schedule and holiday calendar is adapted to the specific requirements of such institutions.
Before the beginning of the first part of the Master, during the months from July to September, an intensive Spanish language course is organized for those students who need it (for more details, please refer to the epigraph "Spanish language course", under the section Practical information for the students). To see the language knowledge specific requisites, please refer to the section Access, admission and scholarships.
In the first part of the programme, the lectures of Units 1 to 9 are delivered in Spanish, English or French. In the two latter cases, simultaneous interpretation is provided into Spanish. The handouts provided by the lecturers may also be written in Spanish or in English. The exams can be taken either in Spanish, French or English. In Unit 10, the students may write the design project of a plant breeding programme and perform the oral presentation and defence of the Unit either in Spanish, French or English.
In the second part of the programme, within Unit 11’s Practicum, the tutored training is usually performed in Spanish, although by agreement between the students and the tutors and their working teams, this may be done in another language, especially when the training takes place abroad. The periodical reports may be sent in Spanish, French or English. The oral exam before the Jury may also be performed in Spanish, English or French. In Unit 12, the students may write the Thesis document and carry out the oral presentation and defence in any of the three languages: Spanish, English or French.
Lecturers of the first part of the Master
The quality of the lecturers guarantees high-level training and constant updating of topics. The diversity of their origin, both geographical and institutional, contributes to the dynamism of the courses and enables the students to contrast different theories, methods and results.
In the Master’s last edition, 72 lecturers from 9 different countries have participated, coming from:
Universities: Germany: University of Göttingen; Italy: Università di Bologna; Spain: Universidad de Alcalá, Universitat de Barcelona, Universidad de Córdoba, Universidad de León, Universitat de Lleida, Universidad de Málaga, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid; The Netherlands: Wageningen UR; Tunisia: Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie; United States: Oregon State University.
Research Centers: France: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA); Israel: Volcani Center; Spain: Centro Investigacións Agrarias de Mabegondo (CIAM), Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (CITA-GA), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica (CRAG), Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries (IRTA), Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (ICVV); The Netherlands: Plant Research International B.V.; United Kingdom: National Institute of Agricultural Botany, The James Hutton Institute.
Enterprises and other private bodies: DuPont Pioneer, LabFerrer, Limagrain, Monsanto, PCTAD, Ramiro Arnedo, Syngenta.
International Organizations: Community Plant Variety Office (office in France), IAMZ-CIHEAM (office in Spain).
To see in detail who are the lecturers providing training in every Unit, please refer to the section Syllabus and Study guide.
Master’s final work (Master Thesis)
Choice of topic for the Master Thesis
The choice of topic corresponds to the students themselves, according to their interest of training. If students so require, they receive advice on the choice of the most appropriate director and institution to carry out the desired project. Likewise the organizing institutions propose topics related to the activities of cooperative research co-ordinated by them or other topics of interest previously agreed with collaborating institution. The topic for the Thesis will belong to the area within which the student has developed the Practicum for the Unit "Introduction to research".
Centres where Theses are carried out
The work is carried out in renowned institutions (universities, research centres or companies) generally in Spain or in the student's country of origin, under the scientific supervision of a doctor of renowned prestige. The student, with the support of the director, should inform the UdL/IAMZ-CIHEAM Studies Commission of the Master periodically on the development and progress of the work.
The collaboration established with numerous prestigious institutions in the different specialities of the Master for carrying out the Thesis is critical in the success of the programme. The students develop their training within a framework of team research, counting on excellent resources and expert advice. The experience gained during this period is not simply an acquisition of knowledge and practical skills, but also fully introduces the students into professional reality.
In order to develop this Unit (as in the case of Unit 9) the student must have passed the first part of the Master and submit a research protocol supported by a director. The Protocol should be examined by an evaluation committee formed by the UdL/IAMZ-CIHEAM Studies Commission and lecturers of the Master, who will consider:
- The characteristics of the research to be performed: (i) coherence and viability of the project; and (ii) concordance between the chosen theme and the candidate’s previous training, the foreseeable professional insertion and the training or productive demands in the student’s country of origin
- The scientific guarantees and the suitability of the director and the institution where the project is to be carried out
In the course of the second semester of the first academic year, IAMZ publishes the basis for the presentation of protocols and scholarship applications for the second part of the programme.
Topics for the Master Thesis
The topic choice for the Master Thesis is very wide. Some of the topics chosen most frequently are the following:
- Applications of genomics and other current technologies to variability characterization and crop breeding (markers/QTL analysis, genetic transformation, gene expression, mapping)
- Study of quality traits
- Resistance to pests and diseases
- Physiological factors related to crop yield
- Variety behaviour in specific environments
Some examples of Master Thesis
Some of the theses carried out in recent years can be found below, as an indication of the variety of themes, directors and institutions involved in this training activity:
Title: Identification of QTLs related with phenolic compounds content in Brassica oleracea (2014)
Author: Mahmoud Ali, Agronomist, Egypt
Venue: Misión Biológica de Galicia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (MBG-CSIC), Pontevedra, Spain
Thesis Directors: Pilar Soengas and Marta Francisco
Title: Biotechnological approaches for obtaining olive plants resistant to the defoliant pathotype of Verticillium dahliae (2014)
Author: Louis Fresta, Biologist and Chemist, Malta
Venue: Departamento de Biología Vegetal, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga, Spain
Thesis Directors: Fernando Pliego and José Ángel Mercado
Title: Caracterización morfoagronómica y molecular de una variedad tradicional de tomate [Morpho-agronomic and molecular characterization of a tomato traditional variety] (2014)
Author: Mónica Coig-O’donnell, Agronomist, Spain
Venue: Instituto Universitario de Conservación y Mejora de la Agrodiversidad Valenciana (COMAV), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, and Cultivos y Tecnología Agraria de Tenerife (CULTESA), Spain
Thesis Directors: Joaquín Cañizares and Leonardo Jesús Amador
Title: Genotipado de una población de melón (Cucumis melo) mutagenizada con etilmetanosulfonato (EMS) para la búsqueda de genes asociados con la resistencia a virus y hongos [Genotyping of a melon (Cucumis melo) population mutagenized with ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) to seek genes associated with virus and fungi resistance] (2012)
Author: Juan Carlos Guillermo Barroso Armas, Agronomist, Mexico
Centre where Thesis was carried out: Semillas Fitó S.A., Barcelona, Spain
Thesis Directors: German Anastasio and Torben Jahrmann
Title: Aumento de rendimiento e interacción genotipo x ambiente en el programa nacional español de mejora de cebada [Yield gain and genotype x environment interaction in the Spanish national barley breeding program] (2010)
Author: El Sayed Mansour El Sayed, Agronomist, Egypt
Centre where Thesis was carried out: Departamento de Genética y Producción Vegetal, Estación Experimental de Aula Dei, CSIC, Zaragoza, Spain
Thesis Directors: Ernesto Igartua and Ana M. Casas
Title: Identificación y caracterización de nuevas fuentes de resistencia a Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. pisi en una colección de Pisum spp. [Identification and characterization of novel sources of resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. pisi within a Pisum spp. collection] (2010)
Author: Moustapha Bani, Agronomist, Algeria
Centre where Thesis was carried out: Departamento de Agronomía y Mejora Vegetal, Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible, CSIC, Córdoba, Spain
Thesis Directors: Diego Rubiales and Nicolas Rispail
Title: Caracterización molecular de variedades autóctonas españolas de albaricoquero (Prunus armeniaca L.) a partir de material antiguo [Molecular characterization of Spanish autochtonous varieties of apricot tree (Prunus armeniaca L.) from old material] (2009)
Author: Carolina Martín Ramos, Biologist, Spain
Centre where Thesis was carried out: Grupo de Fruticultura, Estación Experimental La Mayora, CSIC, Malaga, Spain
Thesis Directors: José Ignacio Hormaza and María Herrero
Title: Construcción del mapa de ligamiento para la población Albacete x Barberousse DH en cebada (Hordeum vulgare L.) [Linkage map construction for Albacete x Barberousse DH population in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)] (2008)
Author: Alba Farré, Biotecnologist, Spain
Centre where Thesis was carried out: Departamento de Producción Vegetal y Ciencias Forestales, Universitat de Lleida, Spain
Thesis Directors: Ignacio Romagosa and Hans Jansen
Title: Variaciones temporales y espaciales en el transcriptoma del escutelo de maíz durante la germinación [Time and space variations in the transcriptome of maize scutellum during germination] (2007)
Author: Hédia Tnani, Agronomist, Tunisia
Centre where Thesis was carried out: Laboratorio de Genética Molecular Vegetal, Instituto de Biología Molecular, Barcelona, Spain
Thesis Directors: Carlos M. Vicient and Ignacio López Ribera
Title: Autocompatibilidad floral en cerezo (Prunus avium L.). Caracterización genética en un mutante natural [Floral self-compatibility in cherry tree (Prunus avium L.). Genetic characterization in a natural mutant] (2006)
Author: Ariana Mariela Cachi, Biotecnologist, Argentina
Centre where Thesis was carried out: Grupo de Fruticultura, Estación Experimental La Mayora, CSIC, Málaga, Spain
Thesis Director: Ana Wunsch